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Karnan – the keep of Helsingborg, Helsingborg

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Kärnan is a medieval tower in Helsingborg, Scania, in southern Sweden. It is the only part remaining of a larger Danish fortress which, along with the fortress Kronborg on the opposite of Øresund, controlled the entranceway between Kattegat and Øresund and further south the Baltic Sea.HistoryThe origins of the Helsingborg fortress is disputed but Danish legend places its origin to the reign of the legendary King Fróði. However, this legend has not been supported by archaeological proof. Dendrochronological dating has shown that the core was built in the 1310s, when Eric VI of Denmark was King of Denmark. It was considered the most important fortress in Denmark, and was integral in securing control over the strait between Scania and Zealand.It was surrendered to Sweden along with the rest of Skåneland as part of the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658. The fortress was retaken by Danish forces in 1676 during the Scanian War, and its capture celebrated by flying a giant Flag of Denmark above it. This flag was later captured by the Swedish army and is preserved in the Army Museum (Armémuseum) in Stockholm. The fortress returned to Swedish control by the Treaty of Lund in 1679. Charles XI of Sweden ordered most of it demolished fearing that it was too exposed to a sneak attack from Denmark. The only thing that was saved for posterity was the old medieval tower core. The tower continued to serve as a landmark for shipping through Øresund.
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  • It's a lovely old place from where you can see the whole city below you. You can get really nice photos, especially on the stairs below the tower. Unfortunately, during winter months the tower is... 
    It's a lovely old place from where you can see the whole city below you. You can get really nice photos, especially on the stairs below the tower. Unfortunately, during winter months the tower is...  more »
  • This was the first stop on our trip to Helsingborg. It was really good. Small castle, with a steep walk up to the top. Each level has something different to see and explore. The view from the top was....  more
    This was the first stop on our trip to Helsingborg. It was really good. Small castle, with a steep walk up to the top. Each level has something different to see and explore. The view from the top was....  more »

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