Monastero di Santa Scolastica, Subiaco

4.5
#2 of 7 in Historic Sites in Subiaco
Religious Site · Church
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  • Large monastery of Benedictine friars dedicated to the sister of Saint Benedict of Nursia and founder of Benedictine nuns. It’s located just outside the city near the Villa of Nerone. First founded... 
    Large monastery of Benedictine friars dedicated to the sister of Saint Benedict of Nursia and founder of Benedictine nuns. It’s located just outside the city near the Villa of Nerone. First founded...  more »
  • While not as panoramic as San Benedetto,it is absolutely worth visiting and doing the tour on the monastery and also looking at the library Like many Roman Catholic buildings in Italy this has... 
    While not as panoramic as San Benedetto,it is absolutely worth visiting and doing the tour on the monastery and also looking at the library Like many Roman Catholic buildings in Italy this has...  more »
Google
  • Magical. Must visit if in the area. In the early 6th century Benedict of Nursia, a man from a well-to-do family who was educated at Rome, retired to a grotto near an ancient Roman Villa in Subiaco, in the mountains of north Latium (Lazio). His reputation as a spiritual guide quickly drew disciples to him there, including many of his old Roman friends, who also settled in the area. Over the years, no fewer than thirteen monastic communities arose around Subiaco, including the one that would come to be named for St. Scholastica, Benedict's sister and herself a monastic. Eventually, seeking greater solitude, Benedict would retire to Monte Cassino, where the same process would be repeated. In the 9th century, St. Scholastica's Abbey was twice destroyed by the Saracens, in 828-829 and 876–877. But it was restored, and grew in the tenth century thanks to the patronage and favour of several popes, many of whom were, in fact, Benedictine monks. As for monastic establishments throughout Europe, the 11th and 12thcenturies were a golden age for the abbey, when it boasted vast lands, a large number of monks, and elaborate, ornate liturgy. With economic power came political power as well. In the thirteenth century, a sanctuary was erected over the cave where St. Benedict had dwelt, the Sacro Speco or "Holy Cave". Riches also brought covetousness, and the abbey's prestige brought it enemies. Long power struggles with the feudal establishment weakened the abbey, and decadence set in when Calixtus III made Juan de Torquemada (uncle of the famous inquisitor) commendatory abbot. Subsequently, powerful families tied to the papacy controlled it. Rodrigo Borgia (later the infamous Alexander VI) held the commendatory abbacy in 1467. The Colonna (1492), Borghese (1608), and Barberini (1633) families would also gain control of its revenues. Some took their ownership of the abbey seriously and tried to restore it, but most were content to exploit its revenues, sometimes without even ever visiting the monastery. The spiritual well-being of the monks was rarely a concern.
  • Old monastery of the Benedectin order, one of the oldest, still functioning.only a part of the monastery is allowed to visit. The monastery also hosts the first lithography press in Italy. Ample car park.

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