Lake Urmia, Urmia

Must see · Water Body · Landmark
Lake Urmia is an endorheic salt lake in Iran. The lake is between the provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in Iran, and west of the southern portion of the Caspian Sea. At its greatest extent, it was the largest lake in the Middle East and the sixth-largest saltwater lake on Earth, with a surface area of approximately 5200km², a length of 140km, a width of 55km, and a maximum depth of 16m. The lake has shrunk to 10% of its former size due to damming of the rivers that flow into it, and the pumping of groundwater from the surrounding area.Lake Urmia, along with its once approximately 102 islands, is protected as a national park by the Iranian Department of Environment.Names and etymologiesCurrently, the lake is named after the provincial capital city of Urmia, originally an Assyrian name meaning puddle of water. However, in the early 1930s, it was called Lake Rezaiyeh (دریاچه رضائیه) after Reza Shah Pahlavi. After the Iranian Revolution in the late 1970s the lake was renamed Urmia.Its Old Persian name was Chichast, meaning "glittering", a reference to the glittering mineral particles suspended in the water of the lake and found along its shores. In medieval times it came to be known as Lake Kabuda (Kabodan), from the word for "azure" in Persian, or 'կապույտ' (kapuyt) in Armenian. Its Latin name was Lacus Matianus, so it is referred to in some texts as Lake Matianus or Lake Matiene.
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  • The largest saltwater lake in the Middle East is located in the northwest of our beloved country, Iran, between the provinces of Western Azerbaijan and Eastern Azerbaijan. This lake is the famous...  more »
  • It is necessary to stop and make a walking tour of the hills surrounding the lake. The landscape is amazing. If you stay until sunset or be at sunrise, the colors must be wonderful. You can also...  more »
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  • Finally, Rivaval of Lake Urmia, which is one of the worst ecological disasters of recent decades, has been started. This is a saltwater lake. It is situated in the mountains of North west Iran and is fed by 13 rivers. According to the UN environment programme, the lake has been shrinking since 1995, due to combination of prolonged drought, over farming and dams. Finally a coordinated effort tosave the lake is started in the year 2013 with a joint program betwen Iran and UN Development program funded by the Japanese Government.
  • Currently, the lake is named after the provincial capital city of Urmia, originally an Assyrian name meaning puddle of water. Locally, the lake is referred to in Persian as Daryāche-ye Orūmiye (دریاچه ارومیه), in Azerbaijani as Urmu gölü, and in Kurdish as Zerivar-i Wermi. The traditional Armenian name is Kaputan tsov (Կապուտան ծով), literally "blue sea". Residents of Shahi Island refer to the lake in Azerbaijani as Daryā meaning Sea. Its Old Persian name was Chichast, meaning "glittering", a reference to the glittering mineral particles suspended in the water of the lake and found along its shores. In medieval times it came to be known as Lake Kabuda (Kabodan),[11] from the word for "azure" in Persian, or kapuyt ('կապույտ') in Armenian. Its Latin name was Lacus Matianus, thus it is referred to in some texts as Lake Matianus or Lake Matiene.

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