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Rasht is the capital city of Gilan Province, Iran. As of the 24 October 2011 census, its population was 639,951.Rasht is the largest city on Iran's Caspian Sea coast. It is a major trade center between Caucasia, Russia and Iran using the port of Bandar-e Anzali. Rasht is also a major tourist center with the resort of Masouleh in the adjacent mountains and the beaches of Caspian as some of the major attractions.Historically, Rasht was a major transport and business center which connected Iran to Russia and Europe, and because of this was known as the "Gate of Europe". The city has a history that goes back to the 13th century but its modern history dates back to the Safavid era during which Rasht was a major silk trade center with numerous textile workshops.HistoryFor a more comprehensive treatment of the region, see the history section of Gilan.Timeline682: Rasht was first mentioned in historical documents.1669: Stenka Razin, a Cossack warlord, plundered the city.1714: Rasht destroyed by earthquake.1722–1732: Occupation by the Russians due to the Russo-Persian War.1901: A major epidemic plague devastates the city.1917–1920: The Russian and British armed forces fight in the port city of Bandar-e Anzali and Rasht. The British retreat and the Russians occupy the area.1920–1921: The short-lived Persian Soviet Socialist Republic was established with its capital in Rasht.1937: A revolt, sparked by the desire to collect a "road tax" from the Russians, was suppressed.1974: First university established in Rasht.Rasht is in Gilan Province. Use our Iran trip builder app to arrange your visit to Rasht and any other destinations in Iran that take your fancy.
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