Alamut Castle, Mo'allem Kalayeh

#1 of 6 in Historic Sites in Qazvin Province
Alamut (Persian: الموت‎, meaning "eagle's nest") is a ruined mountain fortress located in the Alamut region in the South Caspian province of Gilan near the Rudbar region in Iran, approximately 200 km (130 mi) from present-day Tehran.
In 1090 AD, Alamut Castle was seized as a mountain fortress under the leadership of Hassan-i Sabbah, and until 1256 it was the site of intense activity for the Assassins (a Shi'a Nizari Isma'ili group), functioning as the headquarters of the Nizari Isma'ili state, which included of a series of strategic strongholds scattered throughout Persia and Syria, with each stronghold being surrounded by huge swathes of hostile territory.

Alamut, which is the most famous of these strongholds, was thought impregnable to any military attack, and was fabled for its heavenly gardens, library, and laboratories where philosophers, scientists, and theologians could debate in intellectual freedom.
In 1256, Rukn al-Dīn Khurshah surrendered the fortress to the invading Mongols, and its famous library holdings were destroyed. Sources on the history and thought of the Ismailis in this period are therefore lacking and the majority extant are written by their detractors. After the Mongol destruction, the castle was of only regional significance, passing through the hands of various local powers. Today, it lies in ruins, but because of its historical significance, it is being developed by the Iranian government as a tourist destination.
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78 reviews
  • The remains of Alamut castle is located in the northwest of Qazvin province and close to Gazer Khan Village. Hasan Sabah, the propagator of Shiite Ismaili, chose this area for his activities during...  more »
  • We have been there for the first time. I heard alot about this castle. You can have very good view of all other mountains and valleys around you. Its really incredible how do they built it on top...  more »
  • An incredible castle above the steep mountains, these people rendered the imagination real!!
  • Awe inspiring site on top of a hill, that can shock you if you like history and strategies of war. Don't forget it has too many steps to get to its peak.

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Side trips from Mo'allem Kalayeh

Duration:2 h 30 min