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Trip Planner Asia  /  Iran  /  Khuzestan Province  /  Andimeshk

Andimeshk

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Andimeshk is a city in and the capital of Andimeshk County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2010 census, its population was 167,126 in Andimeshk County.Andimeshk is located about 34km north of Shush, on the main road and the rail line between Tehran and Ahvaz.The name first appears in cuneiform tablets from Mesopotamia from the Ur III period in the form "Adamshakh", with a probable meaning "Crocodile ". Later it was called "Andamaska" or "Andimaska", meaning "plenty of butter"; local villages like Gheel-AB and Lour and two fortresses were added to it. The city was en route to Ilam and Anshan and subsequently to Lorestan, which made it strategically important until the late Sassanid era.HistoryDuring the Pahlavi dynasty era, Andimeshk received a great deal of modern development projects because of its location and resources. These included a railway, the Dokoohe military depot and an aluminum factory-silo, as well as many other industrial developments. The city had been connected along the Trans-Iranian Railway in 1929. During World War II a pipeline was also laid from Abadan, then the location of the world's largest refinery, to Andimeshk; from there the fuel was re-loaded onto trucks and transported to the Soviet Union. In 1955 the pipeline was extended from Andimeshk to Tehran.
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