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Nord is one of Burkina Faso's 13 administrative regions. It was created on 2 July 2001. The population of Nord was 1,182,770 in 2006. The region's capital is Ouahigouya. Four provinces make up the region - Loroum, Passoré, Yatenga, and Zondoma.As of 2010, the population of the region was 1,306,619 with 53.43 per cent females. The population in the region was 8.31 per cent of the total population of the country. The child mortality rate was 88, infant mortality rate was 72 and the mortality of children under five was 153. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 85.00 per cent. As of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 27 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent.GeographyMost of Burkino Faso is a wide plateau formed by riverine systems and is called falaise de Banfora. There are three major rivers, the Red Volta, Black Volta and White Volta, which cuts through different valleys. The climate is generally hot, with unreliable rains across different seasons. Gold and quartz are common minerals found across the country, while manganese deposits are also common. The dry season is usually from October to May and rains are common during the wet season from June to September. The soil texture is porous and hence the yield is also poor. The average elevation is around 200m to 300m above mean sea level. Among West African countries, Burkino Faso has the largest elephant population and the country is replete with game reserves. The northern regions are generally arid and usually have scrub land and semi-deserts. The principal river is the Red Volta, that originates in the northern region and drains into Ghana. The areas near the rivers usually have flies like tsete and similium, which are carriers of sleep sickness and river blindness. The average rainfall in the region is around 25cm compared to southern regions that receive only 100cm rainfall.Nord Region is in Burkina Faso. Arrange all the small, but important details of your Nord Region trip itinerary using our Burkina Faso driving holiday website .
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